A LUDDITE READING LIST
The Luddites were early-nineteenth-century English "weavers and combers and dressers of wool" and "artisans in the cotton trades" who feared, quite rightly, that their village culture and economy were collapsing with the rise of factories and steam-powered machines that made their human skills obsolete. They gathered at night with faces blackened by coal soot and raided the mills with hatchets and hammers, mauls and pikes, pistols and muskets. Inspired by a mythical King Ned Ludd, the pseudonym used in their public letters, their campaign spread and broke like a fever across northern England from November 1811 to January 1813.
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